In the days of yore, regular universal temperature has risen at high rate which is inscribed in history. Experts have found that the trend is accelerating. In all but one of the 16 years of very high temperature in NASA’s 134-year history has occurred since 2000.
Climate change naysayers have persuaded that there has been a break or a deceleration in the escalating global temperature, but a number of modern studies, in addition to a 2015 paper promulgated in the journal Science, have refuted this claim. Scientists say that unless we control or stop Greenhouse gas emissions, median U.S. temperatures could raise by up to 10 degrees Fahrenheit over the next century.
What is Global Warming
Global warming take place when carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases accumulate in the atmosphere and ingest sunlight and solar radiation that have bounced off the earth’s surface.
Normally these emissions would get away into space, but the presence of these pollutants, which can stay in the atmosphere for years together, traps the outgoing solar radiation, which makes the earth’s atmosphere hotter, and hence the planet itself. This is known as the greenhouse effect.
In the United States, the usage of fossil fuels to produce electricity is one the biggest cause of such pollution, that brings out about two billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) every year. Coal-burning power plants are considerably the largest polluters. The country is the second-greatest cause of carbon pollution is the transportation sector, which generates about 1.7 billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions a year.
Methods to Reduce
Curbing hazardous climate change needs a very broad reduction in emissions, which includes a replacement to fossil fuels worldwide. The good news is that the US is beginning a inversion: carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the United States has reduced from 2005 to 2016, partly due the use of new energy-efficient technologies and the use of cleaner fuels.
Scientists proceed to advance new methods to renew power plants, produce cleaner electricity, and reduce the amount of fuel that we use for our vehicles. The problem is that such solutions need to be accepted in general by all consumers.
Scientists concur that due to the earth’s rising temperature we are experiencing deadlier heat waves, increased drought conditions, increased rainfall, and more vigorous cyclones. In 2015, for instance, scientists indicate that the drought in the state of California was by far the worst, as there has been poor water shortage since 1000 years which had been aggravated by 15% to 20% due to global warming. They also mention the odds of such droughts that will occur in the course of time will double compared to the previous century.
In 2016, the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine report that the increased intensity of the weather phenomenon of heat waves being attributed to climate change.The world’s ocean temperature are getting warmer, which also means that tropical cyclones take up additional energy.
Actually, scientists have detected that the repetition of North Atlantic cyclone has risen from the time of the early 1980s, in addition various number of cyclones that reaches categories 4 and 5.
In 2005, Cyclone Katrina, which is the expensive cyclone in U.S. history, hit New Orleans; the second most expensive cyclone Sandy, struck the East Coast in 2012.
Effects of Global Warming
The effect of global warming are being felt through out the world. Drastic heat waves have lead to thousands of death worldwide in current times. Every time, scientists conduct surveys regarding the effect of global warming, and the majority of people concur that health, economic, and environmental effects might increase if the present flow continue.
Melting glaciers, snowmelt and terrible droughts will lead to more water scarcity and increase the risk of wildfires in the world. Increasing sea levels will cause coastal flooding on the Eastern Seaboard, predominantly in some areas such as Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.
Farms, Forests, and a large town will face new pests, heavy rainstorm, heat waves, and increased flooding. All these in fact, will harm or demolish farming and fishing.
Disease such as Asthma, Allergies, and communicable disease will begin to develop more commonly because of rapid growth of pollen-producing ragweed, high level of air pollution, and the rapid spread of bacteria, virus and mosquitoes
Recently, China has taken the first place in global-warming pollution. China generates nearby 28% of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The United States leads in second, with just 4 percent of the world population, it generates 16 % of all global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions as much as the European Union and India (third and fourth place) combined. America is still number one, without a doubt, in accumulating emissions above 150 years.